Sunday, August 6, 2017
To begin to answer this question, we have to look at the research. There's really no research that supports the idea that homework helps students make academic advances. You do start seeing some advances at the highschool level, but it's hard to tell if this is just correlational or actually a causality.
However, the subject of homework is still complicated even when you know the research. You have to keep in mind the parents and students, because they are part of the equation. Parents have their own preconceived ideas about homework, which implies the importance of informing them of the research on homework. Many parents believe that homework should be part of school, but this is primarily because that's what parents did when they were in school. Admittedly, most of us experienced having homework while in school, so it feels natural and correct to give homework as a teacher, as well as have your child receive homework. However, just because this is the way things have always happened doesn't mean these are best practices.
We also have to look at students. What are their experiences with homework? Those who understand the concepts do well on homework. They lose nothing but time to be children and be with their families, but they also gain nothing. What about students who struggle with the homework, though? These are really the biggest losers in the homework game. Not only do they lose time in the afternoons after school, but they experience frustration while they struggle to do something that they do not understand. If they are struggling with the concept, how does new learning occur then? It likely will not occur during their interaction with the homework itself. These students need something different in order to develop understanding. This might be the need to have the material presented differently, or it might be the need to access the content in a different manner.
Now, I'm not necessarily saying all homework needs to be thrown out. When it comes to reading, I think students should be doing this regularly at home. In terms of traditional homework, I do think we need to move away from this. Here are a few things we can do as we begin to revamp our current homework practices:
1) Require that students read at home.
2) Offer family activities as homework options (cook together; go for a walk as a family and use your senses to explore the world; bond together over a television show or a podcast episode, etc.).
3) Instead of answering a homework sheet with multiple questions, why not offer a sheet that provides a meaningful task? Maybe your student writes on this sheet, or maybe your student doesn't. Some tasks like this might include: find different shapes in your house; using manipulatives, find different ways to make the number x; have a conversation with your child about x.
4) Send home math games instead of homework sheets.
5) Make homework optional (except for reading).
We can no longer ignore the problem of current homework practices. Students need time to be kids in the afternoon as well as spend time with their families. That's extremenly important to developing a well balanced and healthy child. After spending 6-7 hours at school, it's only fair that students get time for other things besides academics. If we think what helps us adults feel healthy and well (physically, mentally and emotionally), we know that there has got to be a healthy balance between work and our personal lives. This is very much true for our youngest humans. They deserve better, and we teachers have the ability to help them achieve that.
If you'd like to continue thinking about this concept, I encourage you to listen to an interview I had with a parent. In this interview we get a parent's perspective on homework. That interview can be found here.
Want to see an example of the kind of homework my grade level gives out? You can check that out here.
Do you have some great homework activities you'd like to share? Please leave a comment and share with us. Together we are better.
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